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Senile Dementia of the Binswanger Type

General Information


  • dementia syndrome characterized by subcortical vascular dementia, onset in sixth or seventh decade of life, psychiatric disorders, and evidence of hypertension or systemic vascular disease1
  • controversial as to whether senile dementia of Binswanger type is distinct clinical entity or represents common manifestations of various neuropathologies that affect subcortical white matter1

Also called

  • other terms include1
    • Binswanger's dementia
    • Binswanger's disease
    • Binswanger's encephalopathy
    • subcortical ischemic disease
    • subcortical ischemic leukoencephalopathy
    • subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy
    • progressive subcortical vascular encephalopathy
    • encephalitis subcorticalis chronica progressiva
    • lacunar dementia
    • leukoaraiosis
  • "Binswanger's disease" may be inadequate term and clinical significance of leukoaraiosis is not fully defined (7604429Stroke 1995 Jul;26(7):1293)


  • leukoaraiosis - attenuation of subcortical white matter on CT scan or MRI1


General references used

  1. Olsen CG, Clasen ME. Senile dementia of the Binswanger's type. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Dec;58(9):2068-74.full-text

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How to cite

National Library of Medicine, or "Vancouver style" (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors):

  • DynaMed [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Information Services. 1995 - . Record No. T116223, Senile Dementia of the Binswanger Type; [updated 2018 Nov 30, cited place cited date here]. Available from Registration and login required.

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