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Overview and Recommendations
For patients with unstable angina
Nitroglycerin for angina attack
Nitrates for long-term prophylactic management of angina
Calcium channel blockers
Percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft for symptomatic angina
Efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention
Efficacy of coronary artery bypass graft
Transmyocardial laser revascularization
Transmyocardial laser revascularization general information
Description of transmyocardial laser revascularization
Efficacy of transmyocardial revascularization as primary therapy
Efficacy of transmyocardial revascularization as adjunct to coronary artery bypass graft
Spinal cord stimulation
Intramyocardial implantation of bone marrow cells
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP)
Cognitive behavioral self-management program
Risk factor modification
Physician Quality Reporting System Quality Measures
Guidelines and Resources
United States guidelines
United Kingdom guidelines
General references used
Recommendation grading systems used
Synthesized Recommendation Grading System for DynaMed
DynaMed Editorial Process
How to cite
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts, United States; Director, Ambulatory Cardiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Massachusetts, United States
Dr. Gelfand declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.
Director of Bahrain Branch of the United Kingdom Cochrane Center, The Cochrane Collaboration; Awali, Bahrain
Dr. Fedorowicz declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.
Editor in Chief, DynaMed; Cardiologist, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Massachusetts, United States; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts, United States
Dr. Oettgen declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.
Bernard L. Segal Endowed Professor in Clinical Cardiology, Vice Chairman of Academic Affairs and Master Clinician, Department of Medicine, and Senior Associate Dean, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University; Pennsylvania, United States
Dr. Weitz declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.