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Treatment for Tobacco Use

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    Overview and Recommendations

    • Background

    • Evaluation

    • Management

  • Related Summaries

  • Definitions

  • Treatment Setting

  • Activity

  • Counseling for Tobacco Cessation

  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy

  • Bupropion

  • Varenicline

  • Comparative Efficacy and Safety

  • Combination Treatment

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    Other Drugs

    • Nortriptyline

    • Clonidine

    • Cytisine

    • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

    • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

    • Topiramate

    • Methylphenidate

    • Agents (including complementary therapies) without evidence for efficacy

  • Medication adherence

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    Treatment of tobacco use in special populations

    • Pregnancy

    • Hospitalized Patients

    • Patients with substance abuse (in treatment or recovery)

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    Other Management

    • Perioperative smoking cessation

    • Acupuncture and acupoint stimulation

    • Mind-body practices

    • Transcranial stimulation

    • Hypnotherapy

    • Aversion techniques

    • Reduced nicotine content cigarettes

    • Reduced smoking prior to quitting

    • School-based curricula

    • Incentives and competitions

    • Work-based approaches

    • System-based approaches

    • Treatment of smokeless tobacco use

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    Follow-up

    • Follow-up visits

    • Relapse prevention

    • Relapse intervention

    • Weight gain

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    Quality Improvement

    • Medicare/Joint Commission National Hospital Inpatient Quality Measures

    • System change interventions

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    Guidelines and Resources

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      Guidelines

      • United States guidelines

      • Canadian guidelines

      • European guidelines

      • Asian guidelines

      • Australian and New Zealand guidelines

    • Review articles

  • Patient Information

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    References

    • General references used

    • Recommendation grading systems used

    • Synthesized Recommendation Grading System for DynaMed

    • DynaMed Editorial Process

    • Special acknowledgements

    • How to cite

Topic Editor
Alan Drabkin MD
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Affiliations

Section Editor of Family Medicine, DynaMed; Massachusetts, United States; Assistant Professor of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts, United States

Recommendations Editor
Zbys Fedorowicz MSc, DPH, BDS, LDSRCS
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Affiliations

Director of Bahrain Branch of the United Kingdom Cochrane Center, The Cochrane Collaboration; Awali, Bahrain

Conflicts of Interest

Dr. Fedorowicz declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.

Deputy Editor
Alan Ehrlich MD
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Affiliations

Executive Editor, DynaMed; Associate Professor of Family Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School; Massachusetts, United States

Conflicts of Interest

Dr. Ehrlich declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.

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