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CME

Acute Gastritis

General Information

General InformationGeneral Information

Description

  • acute gastritis is characterized by alteration of gastric mucosa including hyperplasia, erosive changes, and inflammation (which may be minor)1
  • acute gastritis is generally grouped into 3 categories: infectious, ulcero-hemorrhagic, or secondary to drugs, oncologic protocol, or caustic agents (chemical/reactive)1
  • see Chronic Gastritis for information on other causes such as autoimmune, collagenous, eosinophilic, lymphocytic, or granulomatous gastritis among others

Definitions

  • gastritis refers to irritation, injury, or inflammation of gastric mucosal lining, but definition is sometimes limited to gastric inflammation; and in clinical practice, gastritis has sometimes been used to refer to acute symptoms of nausea and vomiting prior to an underlying diagnosis3
  • gastropathy may be used to refer to gastric mucosal injury without inflammation3

Also called

  • gastropathy
  • non-atrophic gastritis
  • stress-related mucosal disease, a type of acute gastritis, is also known as
    • ulcero-hemorrhagic gastritis
    • stress ulcer/ulceration
    • stress erosions
    • stress gastritis
    • acute erosive gastritis
    • gastric erosion
    • acute hemorrhagic and erosive gastropathy
    • ulcers due to stress-related mucosal disease
      • referred to as Curling's ulcer in patients with burns
      • referred to as Cushing ulcers in patients with brain trauma or increased intracranial pressure
  • caustic or chemical gastritis, a type of acute gastritis, is also known as
    • iatrogenic gastritis
    • drug and chemotherapy gastritis
    • reactive gastritis
  • reactive gastropathy is also known as chemical gastropathy

References

References

General references used

  1. Lauwers GY, Fujita H, Nagata K, Shimizu M. Pathology of non-Helicobacter pylori gastritis: extending the histopathologic horizons. J Gastroenterol. 2010 Feb;45(2):131-45
  2. Quenot JP, Thiery N, Barbar S. When should stress ulcer prophylaxis be used in the ICU? Curr Opin Crit Care. 2009 Apr;15(2):139-43
  3. den Hollander WJ, Kuipers EJ. Current pharmacotherapy options for gastritis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012 Dec;13(18):2625-36

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How to cite

National Library of Medicine, or "Vancouver style" (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors):

  • DynaMed [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Information Services. 1995 - . Record No. T115779, Acute Gastritis; [updated 2018 Nov 30, cited place cited date here]. Available from https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779. Registration and login required.

Published by EBSCO Information Services. Copyright © 2020, EBSCO Information Services. All rights reserved. No part of this may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission.

EBSCO Information Services accepts no liability for advice or information given herein or errors/omissions in the text. It is merely intended as a general informational overview of the subject for the healthcare professional.

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