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Diets for Weight Loss


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    Overview and Recommendations

    • Background

    • Management

  • Related Summaries

  • Overview

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    • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology (AACE/ACE) Practice Guidelines for Patients with Obesity

    • Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND) recommendations for weight management

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    Carbohydrate Restriction or Modification

    • Very low-carbohydrate diets

    • Moderate-carbohydrate diet

    • Ketogenic diet

    • Low-glycemic index diets

    • Safety considerations

    • Additional considerations

  • High-protein Diet

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    Fat Restriction

    • Low-fat diets

  • Mediterranean Diet

  • Paleolithic Diet

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    Calorie Restriction

    • General information

    • Portion control

    • Reduced-calorie diets

    • Very low-calorie diets

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    Comparisons of Diets

    • Low-carbohydrate vs. low-fat diets

    • Partial meal-replacement vs. low-calorie diet

    • Paleolithic vs. Mediterranean diets

    • Additional comparisons

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    Intermittent Fasting

    • Alternate day fasting

    • Other fasting schedules

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    Commercial Weight-loss Diets

    • General information

    • Efficacy

    • Comparative efficacy

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    Specific Foods and Food Types

    • Fruits and vegetables

    • Vegetarian or vegan diet

    • Dietary fiber and whole grains

    • Dietary pulses

    • Fish or fish oil

    • Calcium and dairy products

    • Dietary sugar

    • Low-calorie sweeteners

    • Caloric beverages

    • Green tea

    • Water

    • Breakfast

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    Combination of Diet and Other Strategies

    • Diet and exercise

    • Meal-replacement and weight-management program

  • Weight-loss Diets in Children and Adolescents

  • Weight Loss Maintenance

  • Dietary Counseling

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    Guidelines and Resources

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      • United States guidelines

      • European guidelines

      • Australian and New Zealand guidelines

    • Review articles

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    Quality Improvement

    • Choosing Wisely Italy

  • Patient Information

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    ICD Codes

    • ICD-10 codes

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    • General references used

    • Recommendation grading systems used

    • Synthesized Recommendation Grading System for DynaMed

    • DynaMed Editorial Process

    • Special acknowledgements

    • How to cite

Topic Editor
Fatima Cody Stanford MD, MPH, MPA, FAAP, FACP, FTOS

Adult and Pediatric Obesity Medicine Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital; Massachusetts, United States

Conflicts of Interest

Dr. Stanford declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.

Recommendations Editor
Zbys Fedorowicz MSc, DPH, BDS, LDSRCS

Director of Bahrain Branch of the United Kingdom Cochrane Center, The Cochrane Collaboration; Awali, Bahrain

Conflicts of Interest

Dr. Fedorowicz declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.

Deputy Editor
Alan Ehrlich MD

Executive Editor, DynaMed; Associate Professor of Family Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School; Massachusetts, United States

Conflicts of Interest

Dr. Ehrlich declares no relevant financial conflicts of interest.